AptamiR Therapeutics

AptamiR Therapeutics has created a revolutionary approach to cure human obesity and related cardio-metabolic disorders like insulin resistance and fatty liver by converting fat-storing adipocytes into fat-burning adipocytes.


Article recently published in BMJ Open Diab Res Care

BMJ Open Diab Res Care 2020;8:e001478. doi:10.1136/bmjdrc-2020-001478

Title: Metabolic and Energetic Benefits of microRNA-22 Inhibition


Introduction: We previously demonstrated in primary cultures of human subcutaneous adipocytes and in a mouse model of diet- induced obesity that specific microRNA-22- 3p antagomirs produce a significant reduction of fat mass and an improvement of several metabolic parameters. These effects are related to the activation of target genes such as KDM3A, KDM6B, PPARA, PPARGC1B and SIRT1 involved in lipid catabolism, thermogenesis, insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis.

Research design and methods: We now report a dedicated study exploring over the course of 3 months the metabolic and energetic effects of subcutaneous administration of our first miR-22- 3p antagomir drug candidate (APT-110) in adult C57BL/6 male mice. Body composition, various blood parameters and energy expenditure were measured at several timepoints between week 12 and week 27 of age.

Results: Weekly subcutaneous injections of APT-110 for 12 weeks produced a sustained increase of energy expenditure as early as day 11 of treatment, a significant fat mass reduction, but no change of appetite nor physical activity. Insulin sensitivity as well as circulating glucose, cholesterol and leptin were improved. There was a dramatic reduction of liver steatosis after 3 months of active treatment. RNA sequencing revealed an activation of lipid metabolism pathways in a tissue- specific manner.

Conclusions: These original findings suggest that microRNA-22- 3p inhibition could lead to a potent treatment of fat accumulation, insulin resistance, and related complex metabolic disorders such as obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus and non- alcoholic fatty liver disease.